How to Install a Backyard Pond
An outdoor pond can be a great addition to your backyard. It’s aesthetically pleasing, and it brings an extra sense of nature to your backyard view. Fortunately, installing a backyard pond is no longer something that has to be left to the professionals. You can install one yourself (or with a friend) in just a weekend with these steps.
1.) Pick a liner
The liner is what will line your pond all along the bottom, and there are three ways you can go with this: flexible, rigid and concrete. If you want a concrete bottom, stop reading now and go ahead and hire a professional, as concrete can get quite complicated. Whether you want a rigid or flexible liner is up to you. A rigid liner looks like a big plastic tub, and they can be good if you would rather have a pre-determined shape. A flexible liner is basically a large sheet of plastic, and it allows you more freedom. When buying liners, look for ones that can stand up to UV rays, as these rays will wear down the plastic quickly. Darker colors will make your pond look more natural.
For rigid liners, dig a hole in the shape of your liner, allowing some room for sand. Once you’ve dug your hole, add an inch or two of damp sand and then pat it down for increased stability. For flexible liners, dig your hole in the shape that you desire. You will want to create levels 6-25 inches deep around the perimeters for plant installation later. Add a layer of damp sand at the bottom. With both kinds of liners, make sure that the bottom of your pond is even by using a level.
3.) Install the liner
For rigid liners, simply place the tub into the hole and make adjustments as needed. Add an inch or two of water into the tub to check its stability before filling it up all the way. For flexible liners, fit the plastic to the contours of the hole, and place rocks along the edges to keep it in place. Fill up the pond with water, and smooth out the wrinkles.
4.) Line the pond with stones
Both kinds of liners will have a visible lip about the edges. Fix this by adding stones or bricks around the perimeter. This will give your pond a nice finished look while also helping to stabilize your pond.
5.) Finishing touches
Once your pond is filled and lined, start making it your own! Add plants to the underwater shelves both to add beauty and to filter your water. Common plants include anacharis, irises, water lilies, lotus and water hyacinth. If you want, you can also add a filter, waterfall or fountain. If you decide to add any of these features, you’ll need to make sure that you have access to a water pump. Most of these come in prefabricated packages that you can just buy from the store and install.
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